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托福阅读真题练习:电子音乐的文本+题目+答案

时间:2017年12月06日 09:25   浏览:106   来源:赤峰职业技术学院


托福阅读如何进行备考 ? 除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了 TPO 你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢 ? 今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题 100 篇:电子音乐的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读 100 篇真题练习汇总: http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

Composers today use a wider variety of sounds than ever before, including many that were

once considered undesirable noises. Composer Edgard Var è se ( 1883-1965 ) called thus the

"liberation of sound...the right to make music with any and all sounds." Electronic music, for

example — made with the aid of computers, synthesizers, and electronic instruments — may

include sounds that in the past would not have been considered musical. Environmental sounds,

such as thunder, and electronically generated hisses and blips can be recorded, manipulated, and

then incorporated into a musical composition. But composers also draw novel sounds from voices

and nonelectronic instruments. Singers may be asked to scream, laugh, groan, sneeze, or to sing

phonetic sounds rather than words. Wind and string players may lap or scrape their instruments. A

brass or woodwind player may hum while playing, to produce two pitches at once; a pianist may

reach inside the piano to pluck a string and then run a metal blade along it. In the music of the

Western world, the greatest expansion and experimentation have involved percussion instruments,

which outnumber strings and winds in many recent compositions. Traditional percussion

instruments are struck with new types of beaters; and instruments that used to be couriered

unconventional in Western music — tom-toms, bongos, slapsticks, maracas — are widely used.

In the search for novel sounds, increased use has been made in Western music of microtones.

Non-western music typically divides and interval between two pitches more finely than western

music does, thereby producing a greater number of distinct tones, or microtones, within the same

interval. Composers such as Krzysztof Penderecki create sound that borders on electronic noise

through tone clusters — closely spaced tones played together and heard as a mass, block, or band

of sound. The directional aspect of sound has taken on new importance as well. Loudspeakers or

groups of instruments may be placed at opposite ends of the stage, in the balcony, or at the back

and sides of the auditorium.

Because standard music notation makes no provision for many of these innovations, recent

music scores may contain graphlike diagrams, new note shapes and symbols, and novel ways of

arranging notation on the page.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

( A ) The use of nontraditional sounds in contemporary music

( B ) How sounds are produced electronically

( C ) How standard musical notation has been adapted for nontraditional sounds

( D ) Several composers who have experimented with the electronic production of sound

2. The word "wider" in one 1 is closest in meaning to more impressive

( A ) more distinctive

( B ) more controversial

( C ) more extensive

( D ) more impressive

3. The passage suggests that Edgard Var è se is an example of a composer who

( A ) criticized electronic music as too noiselike

( B ) modified sonic of the electronic instruments he used in his music

( C ) believed that any sound could be used in music

( D ) wrote music with environmental themes

4. The word "it" in line 12 refers to

( A ) piano

( B ) string

( C ) blade

( D ) music

5. According to the passage , which of the following types of instruments has played a role in

much of the innovation in western music?

( A ) string

( B ) percussion

( C ) woodwind

( D ) brass

6. The word "thereby" in line 20 is closest in meaning to

( A ) in return for

( B ) in spite of

( C ) by the way

( D ) by that means

7.According to the passage , Krzysztof Penderecki is known for which of the following practices?

( A ) Using tones that are clumped together

( B ) Combining traditional and nontradinonal instruments

( C ) Seating musicians in unusual areas of an auditorium

( D ) Playing Western music for non-Western audiences

8. According to the passage , which of the following would be considered traditional elements of

Western music?

( A ) microtones

( B ) tom-toms and bongos

( C ) pianos

( D ) hisses

9. In paragraph 3, the author mentions diagrams as an example of a new way to

( A ) chart the history of innovation in musical notation

( B ) explain the logic of standard musical notation

( C ) design and develop electronic instruments

( D ) indicate how particular sounds should be produced

托福阅读答案:

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以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读 100 篇真题练习:电子音乐的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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