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托福阅读真题练习:鸟类的文本+题目+答案

时间:2017年12月06日 07:15   浏览:229   来源:赤峰职业技术学院


托福阅读如何进行备考 ? 除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了 TPO 你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢 ? 今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题 100 篇:鸟类的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读 100 篇真题练习汇总: http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html

托福阅读文本:

The first birds appeared during late Jurassic times. These birds are known from four very good

skeletons, two incomplete skeletons, and an isolated feather, all from the Solnhofen limestone of

Bavaria, Germany. This fine-grained rock, which is extensively quarried for lithographic stone,

was evidently deposited in a shallow coral lagoon of a tropical sea, and flying vertebrates

occasionally fell into the water and were buried by the fine limy mud, to be preserved with

remarkable detail. In this way, the late Jurassic bird skeletons, which have been named

Archaeopteryx, were fossilized. And not only were the bones preserved in these skeletons, but also

were imprints of the feathers. If the indications of feathers had not been preserved in association

with Archaeopteryx, it is likely that these fossils would have been classified among the dinosaurs,

for they show numerous theropod characteristics. Archaeopteryx were animals about the size of a

crow, with an archeosaurian type of skull, a long neck, a compact body balanced on a pair of

strong hind limbs, and a long tail. The forelimbs were enlarged and obviously functioned as

wings.

Modern birds, who are the descendants of these early birds, are highly organized animals, with

a constant body temperature and a very high rate of metabolism. In addition, they are remarkable

for having evolved extraordinarily complex behavior patterns such as those of nesting and song,

and the habit among many species of making long migrations from one continent to another and

back each year.

Most birds also have very strong legs, which allow them to run or walk on the ground as well

as to fly in the air. Indeed, some of the waterbirds, such as ducks and geese, have the distinction of

being able to move around proficiently in the water, on land, and in the air, a range in natural

locomotor ability that has never been attained by any other vertebrate.

托福阅读题目:

1. According to the author,all of the following evidence relating to the first birds was found EXCEPT

( A ) nesting materials

( B ) four skeletons in good condition

( C ) two fragmented skeletons

( D ) a single feather

2. The word "preserved" in line 8 is closest in meaning to

( A ) confused with others

( B ) gradually weakened

( C ) protected from destruction

( D ) lost permanently

3. It can be inferred from the passage that the Archaeopteryx were classified as birds on the basis of

( A ) imprints of bones

( B ) imprints of feathers

( C ) the neck structure

( D ) skeletons

4. The word "they" in line 10 refers to

( A ) indications

( B ) fossils

( C ) dinosaurs

( D ) characteristics

5. Why does the author mention "a crow" in line 11?

( A ) to indicate the size of Archaeopteryx

( B ) To specify the age of theArchaeopteryx fossils

( C ) To explain the evolutionary history ofArchaeopteryx

( D ) To demonstrate the superiority of the theropod to Archaeopteryx

6. It can be inferred from the passage that theropods were

( A ) dinosaurs

( B ) birds

( C ) Archaeopteryx

( D ) crows

7. The word "constant" in line 16 is closest in meaning to

( A ) comfortable

( B ) combined

( C ) consistent

( D ) complementary

8. The author mentions all of the following as examples of complex behavior patterns evolved by birds EXCEPT

( A ) migrating

( B ) nesting

( C ) singing

( D ) running

9. The word "attained" in line 23 is closest in meaning to

( A ) required

( B ) achieved

( C ) observed

( D ) merited

托福阅读答案:

ACBBAACDB

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读 100 篇真题练习:鸟类的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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