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托福写作中常用的同义词替换,你造么?

时间:2018年01月13日 17:38   浏览:108   来源:赤峰职业技术学院


原标题:托福写作中常用的同义词替换,你造么?

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  托福写作同义词替换:中性动词

1. 导致:v. cause, bring about, give rise to, lead to, generate, create, Be a contributing factor to

2. 认为:v. point out, argue, claim, assert, think, consider

3. 强调:v. emphasize, bring/call attention to, accentuate, heighten,strengthen

4. 集中:v. focus on, concentrate on

5. 解决:v. combat, address, tackle, resolve, solve

6. 从事:v. carry out, conduct, perform

7. 承认:v. concede, admit, acknowledge, accept, allow, grant

  正向动词

1. 支持:v. support, advocate, agree with

2. 增加:v. increase, grow, rise, enlarge

n. increase, growth, rise,enlargement

3. 改善:v. improve, enhance, upgrade, boost

n. improvement, enhancement, boom

4. 扩张:v. expand, enlarge, extend, widen, broaden

n. expansion, enlargement,extension

5. 提高:v. augment, increase, develop, intensify

n. augment, increase, development

6. 发展:v. develop, advance, grow, evolve, flourish

n. development, advancement, growth, flourishing

7. 产生:v. develop, come into being/existence, come about

8. 获得:v. acquire, gain, get, obtain, attain

9. 执行:v. implement, execute, put into effect, perform

n. implementation, performance

10. 实现:v. achieve, fulfill, gain, accomplish, attain

n. achievement, accomplishment, attainment

11. 开始:v. commence, begin, start

n. commencement, beginning, start

12. 促进:v. promote, further, advance, encourage, stimulate, foster

n. promotion, advancement

13. 鼓励:v. stimulate, encourage, act as stimulus, motivate

n. encouragement, incentive, motivation

14. 唤起:v. arouse, cause, induce, prompt, trigger, spark off

15. 需要:v. call for, demand, require

16. 取代:v. replace, take the place of, substitute for

n. replacement, substitutionfor, in place of

17. 加快:v. accelerate, speed up, quicken

n. Acceleration, speeding up

18. 减轻:v. abate, lessen, reduce, alleviate, mitigate

n. abatement, lessening, alleviation, mitigation

19. 保护:v. protect, preserve, conserve

n. protection, preservation, conservation

20. 保卫:v. safeguard, defend, shield

n. safeguard, defence, shelter

21. 建立:v. establish, set up, found, construct

n. establishment, foundation, construction

22. 遵守(规则,法律):abide by, comply with, follow, respect, act in accordance with

23. 允许:v. allow, permit, give the means to, facilitate

  托福写作必背同义词:负向动词

1. 反对:v. object, raise objections, oppose

2. 减少:v. decrease, lower, reduce, cut down

n. decrease, reduction, drop, decline

3. 耗尽:v. deplete, exhaust, use up

n. depletion, exhaustion, usingup

4. 阻碍:v. hamper, hinder, obstruct, impede, inhibit

n. hindrance, obstruction, obstacle, impediment

5. 限制:v. limit, curb, restrict, place a limit on

n. limit, restriction

6. 危及:v. endanger, imperil, jeopardize, put at risk

7. 衰败:v. deteriorate, degrade, degenerate, rot

n. deterioration, degeneration

8. 恶化:v. exacerbate, aggravate, worsen, inflame

n. exacerbation, aggravation, worsening

9. 加剧:v. intensify, escalate, sharpen, aggravate

n. escalation, intensification, aggravation

10.破坏:v. damage, destroy, ruin, devastate

n. damage, destruction, ruin,devastation

adj. devastating, destructive

11. 污染:v. pollute, contaminate

n. pollution, contamination

12. 败坏:v. pervert, corrupt, deprave, lead astray, debase

13. 扭曲:v. distort, pervert, misrepresent, falsify, misstate, misreport

14. 削弱:v. weaken, undermine, impair, invalidate

15. 干涉:v. interfere in/with, intervene in, impinge on/upon(侵犯)

n.interference/intervention/involvement in/with

16. 侵犯:v. encroach on/upon (time/rights/personal life)

n. encroachment on/upon = impinging on/upon

17. 与……相违背/相矛盾:run counter to = run contrary to

Contradict (each other)= conflict with =be at odds with sth

18. 误解:v. misunderstand, misapprehend, misinterpret

n. misunderstanding, misapprehension, misinterpretation

19. 逃避:v. escape, break out, evade, elude

20. 遭受:v. suffer from, be stricken with, be afflicted with

21. 违反:v. violate, disobey, transgress, infringe

n. violation, infringement, contravention, breach

22. 忽视:v. lose sight of, ignore, neglect

23. 疏远:v. alienate, isolate, become/get estranged from

n. alienation, isolation, estrangement

  托福写作必背同义词:其他重要的同义词代换

1. 大量的:enormous, massive, tremendous, considerable

2. 重要的:significant, substantial, crucial, important

3. 严重的:adj. severe, serious, acute, drastic

adv. severely, seriously, acutely, drastically

4. 有害的:adj. hazardous, dangerous, harmful

5. 贫穷的:adj. poor, poverty-stricken, destitute, impoverished

6. 富有的:adj. rich, wealthy, affluent

7. 差距:n. gap, disparity, divergence

8. 积极的:beneficial, advantageous

9. 消极的:baneful, detrimental

10. 明显的:manifest, obvious, evident, apparent

11. 影响:impact, repercussion, effect, ramification

12. 人类:the human race, human being, humankind, humanity

13. 当代:in current society, in this day and age, in present-day society, in contemporary society

14. 传统的:traditional, conventional, old-fashioned

15. 健康的:healthy, vigorous, robust

16. 有营养的:nutritious, nourishing, wholesome, healthy

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